What do I understand by framing and cropping?
Framing occurs at the time an image is captured. It is the choice of what should appear in the frame of the picture and what should be omitted. It the selection of the main subject and where it should appear in the frame. It is the placement of the other elements in the frame – the points, lines and shapes – to create an image with visual impact.
Cropping occurs in post-processing. It is a selection from within a frame, either to remove unwanted elements from the frame, or to bring attention to a specific subject within the frame. Images that are poorly cropped can spoil the visual impact set up when framing, or take such a small element that that image no longer tells a story and lacks contexts.